As the global economy becomes increasingly complex, businesses across all industries are looking for ways to manage their risk exposure. Futures contracts have become a popular tool for managing risk and protecting against adverse market conditions. In this article, we will explore the reasons why businesses use futures contracts.

1. Hedging against price fluctuations

One of the primary reasons businesses use futures contracts is to hedge against price fluctuations in the market. Whether it`s commodities, currencies, or financial instruments, prices can fluctuate rapidly, making it difficult for businesses to plan and budget effectively. Futures contracts allow businesses to lock in a price for a commodity or financial instrument, reducing their exposure to market volatility.

2. Managing risk exposure

In addition to hedging against price fluctuations, futures contracts can also help businesses manage their risk exposure. By entering into a futures contract, businesses can protect themselves against adverse market conditions, such as rising interest rates, inflation, or political instability. Futures contracts can also be used to manage credit risk by requiring margin payments or collateral.

3. Increasing trading liquidity

Futures contracts can also help to increase trading liquidity in a market. By providing a standardized contract for a commodity or financial instrument, futures contracts make it easier for buyers and sellers to trade with each other. This can help to increase competition in the market and improve price discovery.

4. Speculative trading

Finally, futures contracts can be used for speculative trading. Speculators enter into futures contracts with the expectation of making a profit from changes in the price of the underlying asset. While this type of trading is often associated with high risk, it can also provide opportunities for investors to make substantial gains.

In conclusion, there are many reasons why businesses use futures contracts. Whether it`s hedging against price fluctuations, managing risk exposure, increasing trading liquidity, or speculative trading, futures contracts provide a flexible and effective tool for managing risk and achieving business objectives in today`s complex global economy.